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Thursday, November 12, 2020 | History

4 edition of Scientific teams and institutional collaborations found in the catalog.

Scientific teams and institutional collaborations

James D. Adams

Scientific teams and institutional collaborations

evidence from U.S. universities, 1981-1999

by James D. Adams

  • 116 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementJames D. Adams.
SeriesNBER working paper series ;, working paper 10640, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) ;, working paper no. 10640.
ContributionsNational Bureau of Economic Research.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHB1
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3475992M
LC Control Number2005615438

  Interdisciplinary Collaborations Are A Scientific And Social Imperative And Social Imperative We are well past the point at which the knowledge required to enhance the health and well-being of individuals and communities can come solely from lone investigators trying to unlock nature's secrets, or from the offerings of any single discipline. Scientists' collaboration strategies: Implications for scientific and technical human capital (one's research group, one's university) as opposed to those more distant in geography or institutional setting (other universities, researchers in industry, researchers in other nations). however, according to rank, with non-tenure track Cited by: Whether or not collaborations truly boosted the scientific output of individual scientists or institutional groups, it is an observed worldwide trend that solo authors and single-authored papers are declining in numbers and proportions, while mean authors are rising [37,38,39,40,41]. In the case of Vietnam, most of the collaborative works in Cited by: 7. Abstract: This paper provides the first historical analysis of the relationship between collaboration and scientific impact, using three indicators of collaboration (number of authors, number of addresses, and number of countries) and including articles published between and The results demonstrate that an increase in the number of authors leads to an increase in Cited by: 1.


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Scientific teams and institutional collaborations by James D. Adams Download PDF EPUB FB2

Scientific collaborations across the world. Results indicate that the number of authors in the largest research teams have not significantly grown during the past decade; however.

Scientific Teams and Institutional Collaborations: Evidence from U.S. Universities, – Article in Research Policy 34(3) April with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Get this from a library. Scientific Teams and Institution Collaborations: Evidence from U.S.

Universities, [J D Adams] -- This paper explores recent trends in the size of scientific teams and in institutional collaborations.

The data derive from million scientific papers written in leading U.S. research. Get this from a library. Scientific teams and institution collaborations: evidence from U.S. universities, [James D Adams; National Bureau of Economic Research.;] -- "This paper explores recent trends in the size of scientific teams and in institutional collaborations.

The data derive from million scientific papers written in leading U.S. research. Endorsements. This is an interesting and important book. The authors analyze a precious database on inter-institutional scientific collaborations and draw a number of conclusions about how such collaborations start, how they proceed, how they succeed or fail, and how they end.

Downloadable. This paper explores recent trends in the size of scientific teams and in institutional collaborations. The data derive from million scientific papers written in leading U.S. research universities over the period We measure team size by the number of authors on a scientific paper.

Using this measure we find that team size increases by 50 percent over. Some Successful Scientific Collaborations: Brahe–Kepler. The Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe made meticulously accurate observations of the meandering movements of Mars through the heavens.

The German mathematician Johannes Kepler took the data and deduced the laws of planetary motion in Woodward–Hoffman. Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper explores recent trends in the size of scientific teams and in institutional Scientific teams and institutional collaborations book.

The data derive from million scientific papers written in leading U.S. research universities over the period We measure team size by the number of authors on a scientific paper. Using this measure we find that team size increases.

Scientific collaboration continues to increase in frequency and importance. It has the potential to international and inter-institutional collaboration. Examples include the institutional collaboration, large-scale collaboration (big science, teams of teams), and participatory or university-community collaboration (Ziman, ) These.

The number of multiple-author scientific papers with collaborators from more than one country more than doubled from tofrom 10 to 25 percent, one study found.

collaboration requires establishing trust between scientific teams and the organizations that house them. Luo et al., ) that empirical research into the institutional infrastructure of scientific research is rare. increased interaction can lead to stronger collaborations; and such collaborations can help lead to scientific successes.

Scientific collaboration network Scientific teams and institutional collaborations book a social network where nodes are scientists and links are co-authorships as the latter is one of the most well documented forms of scientific collaboration. It is an undirected, scale-free network where the degree distribution follows a power law with an exponential cutoff – most authors are sparsely.

The LHC will have two detectors built by two international collaborations. One of these, called ATLAS, is being built by a collaboration of over scientists, from over a hundred institutions, from more that 30 countries, I bet that more than one student here today will.

Collaborative Intelligence is about getting teams to work in intelligence work. This is important to realize before getting this book because the book has a very domain specific focus.

In a way, this book could be called "leading teams applied for intelligence teams." The book consists of 3 different clearly distinct by: A new book offers scientists guidance about international collaborations, where different research cultures, societal attitudes, and ethical regulations may clash.

Credit: fpm/iStockphoto. Coauthorship relations are a most formal indicator of international collaboration. Scientific collaborations may lead to a number of outcomes of which a co-authored paper is only one (Laudel, ; Katz & Martin, ).

However, from the perspective of the development of theCited by: 2. A study by Matthews et al. raised the question of what a scientist in the area of stem‐cell research gains from international research collaborations. 2 Although the study was limited to collaborations between researchers in the United States and the United Kingdom, they found that UK researchers engaged in more international collaboration.

collaborative research teams succeed. They first began discussing the dimensions of scientific collaboration in when they were invited to co-present a session on collaboration and team science. Michelle had been working to promote collaborations and teams designed to research complex scientific Size: 1MB.

As is clear from the study of science teams, tension is part of group dynamics—the behavioral, emotional, and cognitive processes that emerge when we interact to achieve some goal. But, when stepping back to view this book from a broader perspective, a different set of tensions emerges around how to do research on scientific collaborations.

The authors seek to identify gaps in theory and research and identify the ways in which existing research can be used to improve public policy for collaboration and to improve project-level management of collaborations using Scientific and Technical Cited by:   Scientific collaboration dynamics in a national scientific system.

Scientometrics, (3), – doi: /s CrossRef Google ScholarCited by: The science of team science (SciTS) field encompasses both conceptual and methodological strategies aimed at understanding and enhancing the processes and outcomes of collaborative, team-based is useful to distinguish between team science (TS) initiatives and the science of team science (SciTS) field.

Team science initiatives are designed to promote. The present study sought to examine the trend and impact of international collaboration in scientific research in Vietnam during the period after the introduction of the a reform policy and the normalization of relations with the United States.

Using the Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science data (–) we found that 77% of Vietnam’s scientific output (n Cited by: This book provides readers with an evidence-based understanding of effective practices for success in interdisciplinary research teams.

It will appeal to a range of audiences, including principal investigators, science team members, academic. William Colglazier is the editor-in-chief of Science & is the former Executive Officer of the National Academy of Sciences (), former Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State (), and former co-chair of the Ten Member Group at the U.N.

advising on science, technology, and innovation for the 17 Sustainable Development. The investigation of scientific teams is relevant because it leads to evidence of the changes in the research production function that otherwise would be less clear.

Indeed, academic collaborations could improve the effectiveness of research, just as Cited by: As noted in Chapter 1, scientific publications are increasingly written by teams and larger groups across institutional boundaries (Jones, Wuchty, and Uzzi, ).

Geographic dispersion is one of the seven features that can create challenges for team science, particularly with communication and coordination. Porac et al. () examined the publication patterns of two multi-institutional scientific teams and found that while the collaborations resulted in increased publication for the members of both teams, the more interdisciplinary team actually had higher levels of by: scientific collaborations.

Indeed, we could note that a fourth feature that the research we summarize below shares is that each of the articles or ideas suggests at least a partial explanation for scientific collaboration and each shines some light on the fact that research. The organization of scientific collaborations Ivan Chompalov Georgia Institute of Technology Based on empirical analysis of 53 multi-institutional collaborations in physics and allied sciences, developed by external teams of scientists, the collaborations in.

We have formulated principles of successful collaborations, summarized in a recent book "Scientific Collaboration on the Internet" (MIT Press, ). We are currently developing an on-line assessment tool to evaluate existing or proposed collaborations. Team Science Keywords: scientific collaboration, virtual teams URL.

Biographical articles in scientific journals offer a platform for the commemoration of distinguished individuals from the world of science. Stephan PE. Scientific teams and institutional collaborations: Evidence from US universities, – Research Policy.

; 34 (3)– doi: / van Leeuwen T. Book reviews Cited by: 5. The term "collaboration" in academic research is usually thought to mean an equal partnership between two academic faculty members who are pursuing mutually interesting and beneficial research.

Today, however, many collaborations involve researchers of differing stature, funding status, and types of organizations. 1 The Geographical and Institutional Proximity of Scientific Collaboration Networks Roderik Ponds a,b, Frank van Oort a,b, Koen Frenken a a Urban and Regional research centre Utrecht (URU), Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

b The Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research (RPB), The Hague, The Netherlands * Draft Version. In Structures of Scientific Collaboration, Shrum looked at bibliometric data and what it suggested about co-authorship patterns from to The bibliometric data analyzed in Structure of Collaborations indicated that there was an increase in co-authored papers from to AIP STUDY OF MULTI-INSTITUTIONAL COLLABORATIONS.

scientific, and institutional interests in the politics of funding. ACTIVITIES OF EXPERIMENT TEAMS [Table of Contents] "Experiment" in the terminology of space science has referred to the design, construction and operation of an instrument plus processing and interpreting the signals the.

Drs. Gadlin and Bennett spearheaded an initiative to understand the fundamental characteristics that contribute to successful scientific team functioning. This work led to the production of a workbook: Collaboration and Team Science: A Field Guide that serves as a primer for investigators who are building or participating on a research team.

Such institutional practices limits the opportunities for these young scholars to become involved in large scientific teams and reduces the likelihood that these teams will continue to be fueled. The purpose of this book is to review and critique the burgeoning scholarship on research collaboration.

The authors seek to identify gaps in theory and research and identify the ways in which existing research can be used to improve public policy for collaboration and to improve project-level management of collaborations using Scientific and.

This chapter addresses institutional and organizational support for team science. Following a brief preface, the first section introduces the organizational perspective. The second section focuses on the role of the research university in supporting team science.

The third section discusses various organizational contexts for team science. The fourth section addresses how design of physical Author: Nancy J. Cooke, Margaret L. Hilton, Cognitive Board on Behavioral.

National reports call for improving America’s leadership in scientific research, accelerating degree attainments, and diversifying the scientific workforce to foster innovation. However, slow progress and persistent disparities across growing U.S.

populations are evident on key science workforce indicators, from degree attainment to career by: 5. The past half-century has witnessed a dramatic increase in the scale and complexity of scientific research. The growing scale of science has been accompanied by a shift toward collaborative research, referred to as "team science." Scientific research is increasingly conducted by small teams and larger groups rather than individual investigators, but the .The next regions with the greatest ratios of international scientific collaboration are Central Asia (61–71% of articles), the European Free Trade Association, of which Switzerland is a member (58–70%), and Africa (54–65%).

By contrast, less than half of scientific articles have foreign collaborators in the European Union (36–46%) and.